Accessed 27 Oct MTSDs refer to portable electronic devices in which users interact with a touch sensitive screen interface using their digits or a stylus pen, specifically smartphones and tablet computers [ 4 ]. Consent for publication For adolescents aged 11 to 17 years, written informed parental consent and written youth assent were obtained. Hence, some adolescents were not conscious of taking breaks and usually stopped using only when they need to carry out other tasks or activities:. Different patterns of MTSD use, such as the type of activities or nature of multitasking, may also vary risks for various negative outcomes. In this study, control measures by schools appeared to help reduce the amount of time and activities that adolescents can carry out on their MTSDs.
Then I use iPhone to communicate with my friends, if I need to find them I will then text them. For the adolescents in post-secondary schools, the rules seemed to be generally less strict; they were able to use MTSDs at any area in the school, and at any other time except during lessons unless allowed by teachers. Reported influences of use included functional, personal and external influences. Portability of device could also affect the types of MTSD used at various locations. Some adolescents did not use a tablet as much as a smartphone as they felt that a tablet had fewer functions, was harder to use for messaging and social media and also less portable than a smartphone. Moreover, perspectives from parents were sought which helped to triangulate data obtained from the adolescents and to indicate important discrepancies between the perceptions of the adolescent and the parent.
On the other hand, a few adolescents perceived their usage as excessive but did not take any active measures to control their usage, as they felt that it was difficult to change their habits of use:. As seen from our data, incoming notifications, messages or updates received were often a source of irresistibility to use MTSDs.
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Parental restriction of access to internet and mobile data also limited time spent on social media or content online by adolescents.
Hence, some adolescents were not conscious of taking breaks and usually stopped using only when they need to carry out other tasks or activities: The analysis yielded several themes which were organized by the research questions into four overall themes, with the first theme being the types of MTSDs used and owned. The association between use of electronic media in bed before going to sleep and insomnia symptoms, daytime sleepiness, morningness, and chronotype.
Prompts covered weekday and weekend use mtdd, types mfsd activities, perspectives on amount of use, parental control measures and concerns. Patterns of MTSD exposure may also be different on different types of days e.
Qualitative research guidelines project. A few adolescents mentioned that their schools even disallowed MTSD use during recess or allowed its use only at certain common areas in the school. Mobile technology dominates school children’s IT use in an advantaged school community and is associated with musculoskeletal and visual symptoms.
Addiction to MTSD use should be avoided as it can result in detrimental effects jtsd as stress, depression or reduced physical activity [ 5556 ]. Funding There was no additional funding for this study. Social networking and media use, playing games [ 5051 ] and watching shows [ 50 ] were hommework to increased risk for dependence or addiction to smartphones.
Transcripts were coded independently by one of the authors SHT and reviewed by another author EKHusing NVivo 11 software based on areas of research questions, i.
Association between portable screen-based media device access or use and sleep outcomes: They also used MTSDs with other devices, e.
General household survey Mtse find it very nice, so I watch it over and over again or find more of these videos [be]cause they seem interesting…then I cannot stop, so I keep on using. Surely got twitter messages coming.
All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Francis N, Kentel JA. Hojework the focus of this study was the perspectives from adolescents on their MTSD use, perspectives from their parents were also sought in order to provide triangulation and to give greater context to data obtained from adolescents [ 33 ].
Moreover, the use of social media and other activities on phones have also been found to release feel-good neurochemicals such as dopamine [ 5253 ].
Himework adolescents reported using MTSDs for a wide variety of functions and activities, ranging from personal and schoolwork to daily life functions.
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Strategies to help them self-manage their use should therefore target the incoming notifications or messages, such as silencing them or setting time limits to attend to them. Never stop nagging… sometimes I will listen and go study, sometimes I just continue using. There appears to be a need to address this irresistibility of MTSDs reported by the adolescents, and develop strategies to help adolescents use MTSDs appropriately without putting them at risk of addiction.
It is important for adolescents to ultimately be able to appropriately self-manage their MTSD use and bring forth good habits of use into adulthood.
The use of MTSDs by adolescents was ubiquitous; at various locations at home, in school and in ktsd community when outdoors, bringing ntsd almost wherever they were and having them often within reach. There were penalties such as confiscation of MTSDs if adolescents disobeyed the rules. Interestingly, a few adolescents also mentioned that they eventually ended up getting bored with using MTSDs after some time, although they were kept occupied and entertained by them initially, for example: The hard way is [for them to] see their [exam] results, know already then they will really wake up and try to put things right.
Hence, some adolescents were not conscious of taking breaks and usually stopped using only when they need to carry out other tasks or activities:. For adolescents, questions covered types and ownership of MTSDs used, types of activities carried out, routines of use on weekdays and weekends, breaks taken, multitasking, perception of amount of usage and parental rules or restrictions.