LITERATURE REVIEW ON PICRALIMA NITIDA

Insulin sensitization in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. These reasons have favoured the utilization of alternative medicine to stabilize the blood glucose level in most diabetic patients of some developing countries of the world. See What Everyone is Watching. These reasons have favoured the utilization of alternative medicine to stabilize the blood glucose level in most diabetic patients of some developing countries of the world. For instance, in African folklore medicine, the hot infusion from the boiled green leaves of papaya combined with leaves of Azadirachta indica, Cymbopogon citratus lemon grass , Psidium guajava guava and stem bark of Alstonia boonei is drunk as one wine glass full three times daily in the treatment of malaria.

Literature survey on scientific journals, books as well as electronic sources have shown the isolation of alkaloids, tannins, polyphenols and steroids from different parts of the plant, pharmacological studies revealed that the extract or isolated compounds from this species posses analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypoglyceamic, hypotensive, antiplasmodial, antimicrobial, antiulcer and antitumorigenic activities. The filtrates were concentrated to solid residues at room temperature. On subchronic treatment at one dose per day, the mg kg -1 glycosides extract caused significant reduction of mean blood glucose levels from This result contradicts the suggestions that the hypoglycemic activity of Picralima nitida extract is due to its rich indole alkaloids by Inya-Agha and Aguwa et al. Bark pulped up to a paste is used in Casamance Senegal on rheumatism, especially painful arthritis in the knee. Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analyses of Polygonum aviculare L. The drug extract can sometimes be used as anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic and as insecticidal agents.

Nigeria: Herbal Cocktail for Drug-Resistant Malaria

Both the positive controls produced significantly sized inhibition zones against the test bacteria ciprofloxacin and yeasts amphotericin-B. Various parts of the plant have been employed ethnomedicinally as remedy for fever, hypertension, jaundice, dysmenorrheal, gastrointestinal pciralima and malaria.

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Wistar albino rats of either sex were fasted for 24 h but had access to water ad libitum.

Abstract Plants produce a diverse range of bioactive molecules, making them rich source of different types of medicines. Fetching data from CrossRef.

literature review on picralima nitida

The finding of this study also paves the way for further research to identify the specific bioactive compounds that is responsible for its claimed antimicrobial activity. Lanatus Seeds and Kernel with moisture. A new approach to practical acute toxicity testing.

The rats were fasted on the day 8 for 12 h and their blood glucose levels were determined using the glucose meter kit Lifescan, USA. The regiew phase was percolated through activated carbon bed 2 g.

Click here to sign up. Effect of alkaloids and picrlima extracts of Picralima nitida on mean fasting blood glucose levels in alloxanized rats: At the end of the fast in the first day, blood was withdrawn from the tail vein of each the revew and the blood glucose levels were determined as the first day level. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology, Katzung, B.

Which extractant should be used for the screening and isolation of antimicrobial components from plants? Published by Elsevier B.

literature review on picralima nitida

The alloxanized rats were kept for 7 days for hyperglycemia to develop and stabilize but had free access to food and water. It was observed that picrailma the moisture content range 7. The walnuts and Altuntas for Juniper berries. Hypoglycemic activity, toxicity and analytical standards. Wistar albino rats of either sex were fasted for 24 h but had access to water ad libitum. The and mg kg -1 doses of glycosides caused Search articles by author Robert Robinson, Sir.

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Evaluation of the Antibacterial Properties of Picralima Nitida Stembark Extracts

Screening methods for natural products with antimicrobial activity: The mixture was continuously shaken gently for one hour and extracted with equal ratio mixture of chloroform after acidifying with enough dilute HCl 0. However, antimicrobial studies of parthenium against pathogens causing human diseases are lacking. The pods of the plant were collected from Ihiala, Anambra state, Nigeria in through a herbalist and authenticated by Dr Mrs.

For reproduction of material from PPS: Immunological response to Parthenium hysterophorus in Indian patients with Parthenium sensitive atopic dermatitis. The pods of the plant were collected from Ihiala, Anambra state, Nigeria in through a herbalist and authenticated by Dr Mrs. Authors contributing to RSC publications journal articles, books or book chapters do not need to formally request permission to reproduce material pixralima in this article provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

Journal of Complementary Medicine Research

The Practical Evaluation of Phytochemical. A perusal of the data Table 1 reveals that the ethyl acetate extract of parthenium was the most effective against all the four tested bacteria and the two pathogenic yeasts.

International Journal of Pharmacology, 3: Effect on hepatic key enzymes in experimental diabetes.