LITERATURE REVIEW ON PICRALIMA NITIDA

In addition, the products are less likely to induce resistance due to their multiple modes of action on insects. Extraction of plant material: Can hot infusion from the boiled green leaves of pawpaw combined with leaves of neem tree, lemon grass, guava, and stem bark of pattern wood drunk as one wine glass full three times daily be the elusive treatment for drug-resistant malaria? About four litres of water are then added and the content boiled for about 30 minutes. International Journal of Pharmacology Volume 3 6:

Literature search reveals the conducting of a few studies on antibacterial and antifungal activity of parthenium plant. Evaluation of Picralima nitida: Systematic review of herbs and dietary supplements for glycemic control in diabetes. However, isolation of pure compound and their toxicological study and clinical trials in animal model are to be made before their trials on human. Hypoglycemic activity, toxicity and analytical standards.

Artemisinin, obtained from Artemisia annua, and quinine, obtained from Cinchona species, are proven instances of compounds derived from plants with anti-malarial potential. Sixteen rats of either sex were fasted for 12 h on the first day of the experiment after twelve of the rats were treated ip with alloxan monohydrate, mg kg -1 Sigma, USA and tested for hyperglycemia 72 h post induction. Update on diagnosis, pathophysiology and treatment. It has been suggested that the hypoglycemic activity of this plant extract is due to the rich indole alkaloids Inya-Agha, ; Aguwa et al.

In Africa, it causes more than one million deaths every year, litetature in Nigeria, the infection rate has been described as holoendemic, with more than 75 per literatture of children aged between five and nine years infected and there is need for scourge. The mixture formed after absorption is taken three times daily with a glassful of it to treat malaria.

Evaluation of the Antibacterial Properties of Picralima Nitida Stembark Extracts

The role of glycosidic residue in biological activity. The normoglycemic rats treated with mg kg -1 of alkaloids showed consistent increment in mean fasting blood glucose levels above the 0 h blood glucose baseline value while some of rats of the mg kg -1 treated group died of severe hyperglycemia at the 4th h.

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The m ethanolic extract 9. The rats with blood glucose level above mg dL -1 were randomly distributed into four groups of 4 rats per group while the normal rats formed the fifth group. Results from various scientific investigations to date have revealed the potential of the extract from the plant or isolated liteature for use in the treatment and prevention of various kinds of human diseases. This result contradicts the suggestions that litsrature hypoglycemic activity of Picralima luterature extract is due to its rich indole alkaloids by Inya-Agha and Aguwa et al.

Journal of Complementary Medicine Research

For snakebite or scorpion bite; the leaves are plucked and squeezed to extract the fluid content. The alkaloids of picralima nitida, Stapf, Th. All the drugs were administered ip after the blood samples for 0 h blood glucose levels were collected.

literature review on picralima nitida

It is used in the treatment of malaria fever, constipation coughs, toothache, sexually transmitted diseases and breast cancer. The alkaloids extract of Picralima nitida seed Apocynaceae given i. Back to tab navigation Fetching data from CrossRef.

Results from various scientific investigations to date have revealed the potential of the extract from the plant or isolated compounds for use in the treatment and prevention of various kinds of human diseases. Pharmacology of this University who supplied us with the alloxan literaturee used.

The seeds were extracted from the pods, air-dried for six weeks in the tropical sunlight and pulverized. Published by Elsevier B.

literature review on picralima nitida

The structure of alkuammigine R. Published by Elsevier B.

Nigeria: Herbal Cocktail for Drug-Resistant Malaria

Published by Elsevier B. Twenty rats of either sex, with blood glucose levels between mg dL -1 were fasted for 12 h before use.

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Phytotherapy in the management of diabetes mellitus. In addition, Germann et al revealed the presence of newbouldioside A-C, phenylethanoid glycosides in the stem bark while flavonoids, and tannins are found in the leaf Usman and Osuji, The study is titled “Evaluation of six herbal plants used in the treatment of malaria in South-Eastern Nigeria: It is said that stains on the hands can be removed by the leaves.

Results from various scientific investigations to date have revealed the potential of the extract from the plant or isolated compounds for use in the treatment and prevention of various kinds of human diseases. Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder Petal and Rybczynski, ; Ozturk, et al. Its root aqueous extract has equally been shown to have purgatory effect. Effects of experimental diabetes and insulin on smooth muscle functions. These findings vividly established the fact that the glycosides extract exhibited more potent hypoglycemic effect than alkaloids extract as it contains secondary metabolites like saponins, steroids, triterpenes and flavonoids from Picralima nitida plant; it may be useful in the management of NIDDM patients since it showed significant activity in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic conditions in animal model.

These reasons have favoured the utilization of alternative medicine to stabilize the blood glucose level in most diabetic patients of some developing countries of the world.

Effect of glycosides extract of Picralima nitida seed extract on mean fasting blood glucose levels of alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats after subchronic picrallma No.