The leaves of G. The energy value of the raw vegetable as obtained in this study was within the range obtained by previous researchers [21]. The mucosa showed elongated villi and enlarged submucosa with dilated vessels. The leaves were removed after after 5 min of boiling. Qualitative phytochemical constituents of leaves of Gnetum africanum. Wound Repair Regen, 16 6: Concepts of biochemistry, theory and practice.

Cyanide assay The cyanide contents of the samples raw and cooked were determined using the alkaline picrate method [11]. Thus, the increased fibre content of the cooked vegetable could be one explanation for the usage of the cooked form of this vegetable by the traditional medical practioners in Nigeria, in the dietary management of diabetes mellitus. Severity of effects depends on degree and duration of exposure. The mineral and vitamin contents of Gnetum africanum include haematinic factors such as iron which play major roles in synthesis of haemoglobin Alada, ; Tindal, Okwu DE, Josiah C.

If the number of platelets is too low, excessive bleeding can occur. Effects of processing treatments on the nutritive composition and consumer acceptance of some Nigerian edible xfricanum vegetables.

Further biological effects of consumption of G. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.

literature review on gnetum africanum

Both avricanum these growth factors have been shown to play a significant role in the repair and regeneration of connective tissues. Nutritional and phytogeriatological studies of three varieties of Gnetum africanum Afang. There is some evidence that inhaling this product is more likely to cause a sensitization reaction in some persons compared to the general population.


J Zhejiang Univ Sci B.

literature review on gnetum africanum

Journal of American Diet Association, They may bind covalently to these proteins leading to loss, of biological function such as catalysis exhibited by enzymes. Through a variety of T cells helper Onn cells, suppressor T cellsthe body initiates, carries through, and terminates antigen-antibody reactions to provide immunity.

The experimental design involved random distribution of the rats into two experimental groups namely Control Om CG and Gnetum africanum group GAG consisting of nine animals each. Heinz body anaemias as an acceleration of red cell aging.

It has also been collected from riverine forest environments that were seasonally flooded and had soils of sandy composition Lakeman and Bachman, Yellow spot formed within 30 min of spraying against a purple background were taken as positive results.

This finding could be another litefature for the usage of this vegetable in the traditional management of diabetes. The reduction in the cholesterol level was not statistically significant.

The leaves of Gnetum africanum contained all the phytochemicals that were screened including tannins, phytosterols, afriacnum, flavonoids, anthocyanidins, alkaloids and saponins as shown in Table 1. Related reports The reports on increases in the contents of minerals, crude fibre and crude protein of G.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

The titrimetric method using 2,6 dichlorophenolinophenol was used to determinate the content of ascorbic acid [11]. Central nervous system CNS excitability may lead to convulsions and, in severe cases, respiratory arrest and death. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. There is paucity of information on this aspect of G.


In contact with skin: A column zfricanum whole blood is centrifuged in a tube of uniform bore capillary tubesealed at one end.

Total antioxidant capacity of raw and cooked G. This hormone stimulates bone marrow to produce stem cells and speeds the passage of newly formed RBCs through the various generations. Persons with impaired respiratory function, airway diseases and conditions such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis, may incur further disability sfricanum excessive concentrations of particulate are inhaled.

Nina Etkined Redgroove Publishing Co.

Literature review on gnetum africanum

Chlorophyll is very sensitive to any pH below 7 and is converted to pheophytin. The anti-coagulated blood sample was mixed using an automatic mixer 1. Erythroblasts NRBCs — nucleated red blood cells may also appear in the circulating blood. Oxford University Press; There are disorders that reduce the number of platelets, such as heparin-induced thrombocytopenia HIT or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura TTP that typically cause thromboses, or clots, instead of bleeding.

Dietary fibre decreases the absorption of cholesterol from the gut in addition to delaying the digestion and conversion of starch to simple sugars, an important factor in the management of diabetes [19].

literature review on gnetum africanum