They are also built on marginal land, which is land which has less value and is not occupied by legal land uses and buildings. There are multi-million dollar informal industries in Dharavi slum, Mumbai, for example. As can be seen on the map below they are dominantly found in LEDC countries. They are often constructed with poor materials initially, including plastic sheeting, corrugated metal, wood and cardboard. Mathare Valley, Dagoretti, Kibera and Korokocho suffer huge social problems, and Mathare Valley is the biggest with over , people. It is easy to store, handle and use.
This is an approach known as self-help housing. They can borrow money from the Housing Department to buy concrete blocks to build a house on their plot. Unlike traditional toilets or latrines, Peepoo is never occupied by anyone else. The population All the people are African. These industries are often cheap to set up, unregulated, and pose significant health and safety risks to the people that work in them. And second, they eventually find relief by doing the necessary in a plastic bag, and then tossing it out onto the street or path outside. The Brazilian government has moved a lot of people out of shanty towns and into low cost, basic housing estates with plumbing, electricity and transport links.
Unlike traditional toilets or latrines, Peepoo is never occupied by anyone else. Sewage In most of Kibera there are no toilet facilities.
These are all materials that are available either freely as waste or cheaply. The Brazilian government has moved a lot of people out of shanty towns and into low cost, basic housing estates with plumbing, electricity and transport links.
Wirseen, who works for the Swedish firm Peepoople, is using Kibera as a testing ground for the Peepoo, a biodegradable, self-sanitising, single-use toilet that could one day provide a cheap, smart fix for the world’s billion slum dwellers.
Kibera Case Study of a Squatter Settlement
Housing The average size of shack in this area is 12ft x 12ft built with mud walls, shudy with concrete, a corrugated tin roof, dirt or concrete floor. Squatter settlements are any collection of buildings where the people have no legal rights to the land they are built upon.
Compact in size and weighing 10 grams, Peepoo is designed to provide maximum hygiene and convenience using minimum material. They range from non-permanent pavement dwellers which are constructed of very basic materials every day on pavements these are typical in some Indian cities such as New Delhito well-constructed brick buildings over 40 years old but still illegally occupying a site!
The population All the people are African. Think about it Try the Quizlet set below Explore the squatter settlements map on this page. Kibera 20 1 Informal Industries pose problems to governments because they gain no tax revenue from them and they have little control over them. Hundreds of thousands of people, whose homes are little more than makeshift shacks, are crammed into an area that lacks the most basic water and sanitation facilities, and where just one public toilet is available to every people.
Squatter settlements vary in the type, age and quality. They are often constructed with poor materials initially, including plastic sheeting, corrugated metal, wood and cardboard. Within the Favelas the government has assisted people in improving their homes.
Breeze blocks and other materials pipes for plumbing etc. Peepoo is in the form of a slim biodegradable bag, with an inner layer that unfolds to form a wide funnel. Many slum dwellers slowly improve the stability, durability and quality of their homes by buying better quality materials and doing the work themselves.
The image below shows one such individual employment, to buy the coconuts requires only small capital input, to process the coconuts requires little equipment or skills, and there is no need for the overheads of a shop. In Nairobi, Kenya, huge population grow th from This involves simply evicting the squatters and rebuilding on the site in a more formal and organised way.
Kibera is the biggest slum in Africa and one of the biggest in the world.
After use, even if no collection or disposal services are available nearby, Peepoo does not contaminate the environment once the top of Peepoo has been tied into a knot.
The Dandora scheme involved applying for a plot and if chosen the successful applicants had to go to evening classes at a college to learn construction skills.
Due to its self-sanitising attributes, Peepoo remains safe to hold and carry after use. Squatter settlements go by many different names, they are called Favelas in Brazil after a hillside flower, Bidonvilles in french which means can towns, and Bustees or slums in India. Mathare Valley, Dagoretti, Kibera and Korokocho suffer huge social problems, and Mathare Valley is the biggest with overpeople.
Squatter settlements also often lack proper sanitation, water supply, electricity or telephone services. Proposed redevelopment flats for Dharavi,India.
It is always clean and can be used in complete privacy. Whole sale clearance and redevelopment of squatter areas is a more drastic approach.
GCSE Urban environments
Changaa This is cheap alcoholic brew. There are solutions including: Many informal industries now employ lots of people and require more organisation. These industries are often cheap to set up, unregulated, and pose significant health and safety risks to the people that work in them.