CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS DISSERTATION

The concept of “dry day” meant, the weekly emptying of water containers, scrubbing and washing them, drying them, refilling them and covering the containers on the fixed day by all the community members. The symptomatic or supportive treatment basically comprises rest, the use of acetaminophen or paracetamol to relieve the fever and ibuprofen, naproxen or another non -steroidal anti -inflammatory agent NSAID to relieve the arthritic component. Jadhav, Mr Jamadar health assistants, and Mr. In the study which was conducted by Sharma et al. An epidemic of virus disease in southern province, Tanganyika Territory, in However, in a study which was conducted in an urban field practice area of a private medical college of Chennai and in an outbreak at Vellore, south India more females were affected than males [ 11 , 12 ].

As per our clinical criterion, all the fever cases with joint pain or arthralgia were considered as cases of Chikungunya fever unless they were proved otherwise. The chikungunya virus is transmitted by the Asian Tiger mosquito and causes severe illness such as high fever, skin rash and severe chronic joint pains. Wageningen University , Laboratory of Virology. The ankles, knees and the wrist were the usual joints that were affected, but the involvement of the small joints of the hands and feet was also not uncommon [ 16 ]. After 32 years, the state of Maharashtra experienced a large number of outbreaks of Chikungunya in the year Patil , 2 P.

chikungunya virus dissertation

In the affected area, Articles from Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: So, there was a cissertation among the people to store the water for longer periods of time. Concurrently, by using pamphlets which were printed in the local Marathi language, we educated the local population regarding the personal, family and community protection against mosquito bites and the mosquito source reduction.

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Around cases of fever with joint pain were reported from the village Kasegaon, Maharashtra state, in the first week of Cjikungunya Chikungunya fever is self limiting; the morbidity can be very high in major outbreaks, resulting in a heavy social and economic tolls.

Clinical manifestations and management. Chikungunya fever – epidemic in rural Maharashtra.

chikungunya virus dissertation

RESULTS Among the total population of from houses which were surveyed in the village, there were clinically suspected Chikungunya fever cases. In most of the series, the fever and joint pain were almost universal at the onset. This was similar to that in the outbreak in Shrirampur town chikyngunya 9 ].

chikungunya virus dissertation

A majority of the cases Published online Apr National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Out of the 8 blood samples which were taken from clinically suspected Chikungunya fever cases, 5 Multiple joints were involved in Durgawale3 and A. A community empowerment and mobilization is crucial for the prevention and control of Chikungunya.

PhD thesis defence Stefan Metz: “Chikungunya virus-like partcle vaccine”

As per our clinical criterion, all the fever cases with joint pain or arthralgia were considered as cases of Chikungunya fever unless they were proved otherwise. The disease had chilungunya after an incubation period of days range days.

A clinic-epidemiological study which was done on a Chikungunya outbreak in Maharashtra state, reported that only 8.

Blood samples were taken from 8 out of clinically suspected Chikungunya fever patients who were randomly selected and they were sent to the National Institute of Virology, Pune, India.

PhD thesis defence Stefan Metz: “Chikungunya virus-like partcle vaccine” – WUR

This study was done in the affected village Kasegaon, District Sangli. Chikungunya fever outbreak in Vellore, south India.

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We assessed a number of containers in each and every house and instructed the people to follow a “dry day” for vector control, particularly larval control. The people were advised to attend the Primary Health Centre if they wanted, where free treatment was available.

The name ‘Chikungunya’ has been derived from a root verb in the Kimakonde language, which means, “that which bends up” i. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

A study of the outbreak of Chikungunya fever

The fever was biphasic or saddleback. We also studied the knowledge regarding chikkngunya Chikungunya fever, its prevention chlkungunya its control in the affected region. All the patients visited the health care facility and consulted the physicians on the onset of the symptoms. Maculopapular rashes can sometimes be accompanied by petechiae [ 1 ]. In that outbreak, a total of 38 cases were reported, among which the virus was isolated from 35 patients and the sera of 3 more patients were positive for this virus [ 4 ].

Hence, the prevalence was calculated to be 9. The sources of the knowledge on Chikungunya, its transmission and the control measures for it were mainly paramedical workers and government doctors [ 18 ]. The usual recommendation is that on every fifth day, all the vessels which contain water should be emptied; this observance of a dry day breaks the life cycle of the mosquito.